What is Glutamine?

Glutamin Nedir?

What is Glutamine ? What is Glutamic Acid ?

Glutamine and glutamic acid are chemically close forms. The human body can produce L-glutamine itself from L-glutamic acid. Given that it is involved in numerous metabolic processes, it is not surprising that glutamine is the amino acid with the highest concentration in blood plasma, muscular system, and cerebrospinal fluid. At 60%, it constitutes the largest amount of free amino acid in the body.

The need for glutamine increases with increased physical activity, training and mental stress. The production of this important amino acid in the body usually slows down with increasing age and is not produced in sufficient quantities. In such cases, external support from foods containing glutamine is recommended.

What Does Glutamine Do? What are the benefits of glutamine?

Adequate amounts of glutamine are important for firm and flexible skin. If sufficient amounts of glutamine are not available, the body extracts the necessary protein from muscle mass and converts it into glutamine and energy. This causes muscle proteins to be lost, muscle fibers to thin, and the skin to generally sag. For this reason, glutamine has been called the "source of youth within the body" by scientists. (one)

Glutamine strengthens the immune system and plays an essential role for hair growth.

Glutamine serves as a supplier of nitric oxide and carbon in the body and is also an important element for building and maintaining muscles. Amino acids are necessary for nucleotide synthesis, for which rapidly dividing cells for the immune system and hair follicles depend on this energy source. If you are using Preworkout, you can supplement with glutamine 2-5 hours before to get better efficiency. If you ask whether glutamine alone will cause weight gain, there is not much scientific data to support this, but its deficiency will definitely make muscle development difficult.

  • Glutamine may combat fat storage.
  • Glutamine can be converted to glucose in the kidneys without affecting glucagon or insulin levels.
  • Glutamine can combat fat storage from food, bypassing fat accumulation normally caused by insulin. This can help those who want to lose weight and those who are on a diet. There are also indications that glutamine may reduce sugar and alcohol demand.
  • During the synthesis from glutamine to glutamic acids, the brain is protected from the toxic effects of ammonia. This protection against cell toxin prevents problems in brain function. It improves long and short term memory.

Patients with fatigue and cognitive brain dysfunction often have glutamic acid deficiency. Anxiety, tension, sleep disorders, insomnia and lack of concentration are due to this. Glutamine increases the production of gamma amino butyric acid (GABA). GABA is an important neurotransmitter that acts like a lock catcher to slow down the sodium channels between nerve cells in the brain, making it like a natural tranquilizer. If there is enough glutamine in the body, it can create GABA, which can produce positive results such as inner calm and tranquility in stressful situations, as well as increased concentration levels and more peaceful and fulfilling sleep.

Glutamine can be converted to glucose in the kidneys without affecting glucagon or insulin levels. There are also indications that glutamine may reduce sugar and alcohol demand.

Harms of glutamine

There is no known harm to the amino acid glutamine, either in foods containing glutamine or in supplement or supplement form.

Foods containing glutamine

Many animal and plant foods are classified as foods containing high levels of glutamine . In general, foods containing protein also contain high amounts of glutamine and glutamic acid. To take a look at the main ones:

Foods containing Whey Protein, Casein or Casein contain Glutamine, approximately 18% of their protein value. It is found in large amounts in dairy products such as cheese, curd, yoghurt and cheddar.

In addition, foods containing high protein such as meat, eggs, turkey and fish also contain high levels of glutamine.

The vegetable protein known as gluten contains approximately 35% glutamine.

How to Use Glutamine?

It is recommended to use glutamine as a supplement after training and before going to bed at night. If you want to see the full benefits of glutamine, be sure to take it before other nutrients. Post-workout, 5 g of glutamine or a protein source containing high glutamine (such as whey protein powder) will be sufficient.

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